The Primary Years Programme (PYP) is a curriculum framework designed by the International Baccalaureate (IB). Founded on a philosophy that recognizes a child’s natural curiosity, creativity and ability to reflect, the PYP generates a stimulating, challenging learning environment to nurture those assets and foster a lifelong love of learning in every child. The PYP is transdisciplinary, meaning students learn across subject areas while investigating big ideas.
In the PYP, students learn about significant concepts through units of inquiry. Grade 1-6 students study six transdisciplinary themes that guide units of inquiry and compose a year of study are:
• Who we are
• Where we are in place and time
• How we express ourselves
• How the world works
• How we organize ourselves
• Sharing the planet.
Units of inquiry interweave subject areas such as mathematics, language arts, science and social studies. This approach encourages students to make connections between what they learn and how it relates to the world around them.
Taking action is intricate part of the IB inquiry cycle which could be interpreted as a “conclusion” to learning. When taking action, students make connections to new knowledge they have acquired and apply their skills in everyday life. This shows that students have a deep and lasting understanding, which can also be used to make connections to existing knowledge or to new questions. Actions are student-initiated activities that stem from a genuine concern and a desire to make a positive difference. Action might take the form of sharing new knowledge with others in order to increase others’ awareness of important issues, or it may be a project in response to needs of a particular community-locally or globally. Through action, students develop skills such as cooperation, problem solving, conflict resolution, and critical thinking, and they learn that even the smallest of us can make a difference.